Patterns of Coronary Heart Disease Respondents in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh

Md. Alahi Khandaker *

Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Brig Gen A. K. Mahbubul Haque

Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

K. M. A. Shafique

Department of Public Health, Leading University, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

Md. Ahsanul Islam

National Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital (NIDCH), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is considered as the major leading cause of death which poses serious health problems in Bangladesh. Besides other neighboring countries, the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is also rising among the population in Bangladesh. Pre conception of the pattern of coronary heart disease respondents may be helpful in the management of such respondents. But in Bangladesh we have not enough research-oriented information regarding this issue.

Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to assess the patterns of coronary heart disease respondents in a tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh.

Methods: This was a prospective cross sectional descriptive study and was conducted during the period from 1st September 2017 to 28th February 2018 in Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh. In total 135 diagnosed coronary heart diseases cases, admitted indoor of the mentioned hospital and fulfilled the inclusion as well as exclusion criteria of this study were selected as the study subjects. All the demographic as well as clinical data were recorded. A predesigned questioner was used in data collection. All data were processed, analyzed and disseminated by using MS Excel and SPSS version 23 program as per need.

Results: In this study, among total 135 participants, the male-female ratio was 1.7:1. The mean± SD age of the respondents was 52.01±6.91 years. In total, 57% of the respondents were with normal BMI and the mean± SD body weight of them was 61.66±8.83 Kg. As per the clinical diagnosis we observed that, 59% participants were with ACS and the rest 41% were with CSA. In 34.8% of the respondents, family history of cardiovascular diseases was found, Majority of our respondents (68.1%) were not currently smoker, 90.4% were physically inactive, only 2.2% of the respondents had the habit of alcohol intake. In this study, 68.1% of the respondents were with diabetes mellitus, 82.2% of the respondents with hypertension and 75.6% of our respondents were with dyslipidemia.

Conclusion: Male peoples may be considered as the prone to coronary heart disease. Frequencies of younger CHD respondents may take attention of health professional as well as the policy makers. People’s physical inactivity may be a cause of epidemic of several chronic diseases like cardiac diseases. Frequencies of hypertensive as well as diabetic cases among such respondents are also alarming.

Keywords: Heart disease, coronary artery, tertiary care, cardiovascular


How to Cite

Khandaker, Md. Alahi, Brig Gen A. K. Mahbubul Haque, K. M. A. Shafique, and Md. Ahsanul Islam. 2023. “Patterns of Coronary Heart Disease Respondents in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh”. Asian Journal of Cardiology Research 6 (1):29-35. https://journalajcr.com/index.php/AJCR/article/view/130.

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